The Gunpowder Age: China, Military Innovation, and the Rise - download pdf or read online
By Tonio Andrade
The chinese language invented gunpowder and started exploring its army makes use of as early because the 900s, 4 centuries sooner than the know-how handed to the West. yet through the early 1800s, China had fallen to date in the back of the West in gunpowder battle that it was once simply defeated via Britain within the Opium struggle of 1839–42. What occurred? In The Gunpowder Age, Tonio Andrade bargains a compelling new resolution, starting a clean point of view on a key query of global heritage: why did the international locations of western Europe surge to worldwide value beginning within the 1500s whereas China slipped behind?
Historians have lengthy argued that gunpowder guns helped Europeans determine international hegemony. but the population of what's this present day China not just invented weapons and bombs but in addition, as Andrade exhibits, persevered to innovate in gunpowder expertise during the early 1700s—much longer than formerly inspiration. Why, then, did China turn into so weak? Andrade argues that one major cause is that it was once out of form scuffling with wars, having loved approximately a century of relative peace, in view that 1760. certainly, he demonstrates that China—like Europe—was a robust army innovator, rather in periods of significant struggle, resembling the violent century beginning after the Opium struggle, whilst the chinese language once more quick modernized their forces. this day, China is just returning to its outdated place as one of many world's nice army powers.
By exhibiting that China’s army dynamism was once deeper, longer lasting, and extra quick recovered than formerly understood, The Gunpowder Age demanding situations long-standing factors of the so-called nice Divergence among the West and Asia.
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The Gunpowder Age: China, Military Innovation, and the Rise of the West in World History by Tonio Andrade